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Deputy Manager & Researcher III
Department of Archeology
Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum of China (Xi’an)

Fellowship Project

Mr. Rong Bo spent five months at the Freer Gallery of Art & Arthur M. Sackler Gallery in Washington D.C., U.S.A., where he conducted scientific research on the binding media in the polychrome layers of the excavated Terracotta Army. He also engaged in exchange with conservators and scientists on the conservation techniques used to preserve the excavated polychrome terracotta sculptures.


Mr. Rong Bo is Deputy Manager of the Department of Archeology at Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum of China. He is also a third-grade Researcher, Deputy Director of the key scientific research base of the National Cultural Heritage Administration for the Preservation of Painted Ceramic Relics, and a part-time supervisor of Master students in Northwest University and other universities. He has made several visits to the Technical University of Munich, Germany, collaborating with the university on the research of Terracotta paint conservation techniques. He was also a senior visiting scholar at Wright University in the U.S.A. (2013-2015) and a Getty Foundation visiting scholar (2018). For many years, Mr. Rong has specialised in the conservation and restoration of the excavated sculptures of the Terracotta Army. His research in recent years focuses on the conservation of the excavated ancient polychrome terracotta sculpture and the production techniques of the polychrome Terracotta Army.

Mr. Rong has long been engaged in research on conserving and protecting the painted Terracotta Warriors unearthed in the second chamber, painted pottery figurines unearthed in the Yang Mausoleum of Han, Qin mausoleum figurines, civil servant figurines, bronze waterfowls, painted brick sculptures of the Qin King’s Mausoleum in Baoji, painted stone statues in the Beilin Museum, and painted pottery figurines unearthed in the Han tombs in Xiangshan, Shandong.

Mr. Rong now owns 8 national technological invention patents. He has won 2 National Science and Technology Progress Awards, 4 Shaanxi Science and Technology Awards, 2 Science and Technology Innovation Awards from the National Cultural Heritage Administration and was selected in 2014 as a “National Cultural Heritage Administration Outstanding Youth for Cultural Relics Protection”.

Recent Development and Achievement

    In recent years, Mr. Rong Bo and his team have been awarded the “National Science and Technology Progress Award” for their research on the use of “menthol” in the restoration and protection of cultural relics. He has been interviewed several times on behalf of Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum of China to introduce the discovery and use of this technology.

    In addition to research projects, Mr. Rong was also invited to participate in several archaeological and restoration conferences. In 2017, a report titled “Extraction Cases of Fragile Remains Unearthed from the Cemetery of Qin Shihuang” was published at the “Conference on New Technologies for Extraction and Protection of Unearthed Remains at Archaeological Sites”. In 2019, he gave a lecture on “Scientific Research and Protection of Terracotta Warriors and Horses of the Qin Dynasty” at the Ancient Ceramics and Industrial Ceramics Research Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

    In 2020, he gave lectures to government officials, management leaders, teachers and students in numerous schools on topics including “World Cultural Heritage Site – The Important Development Journey of the Protection and Management of Terracotta Warriors and Horses” and “The Protection and Management of the Mausoleum of Qin Shihuang and Terracotta Warriors and Horses”.

    In addition to lectures, Mr. Rong also participated in various educational activities, such as being invited to deconstruct the historical story of Qin Shi Huang’s terracotta warriors and horses to the audience on Hunan Satellite TV’s program “We Are Here” and participating in educational activities themed “Excellent Historical Culture Entering Campus” organized by the Qin Shi Huang Emperor’s Mausoleum.

Selected Publication(s)

  • Rong, B. (2019). Research and conservation on the polychrome of the Qin terracotta sculptures. ICOM-CC Scientific Research Working Group Newsletter, 1(1), 3-5.
  • 容波、趙倩、武志江、鄭豪與趙靜(2018)。〈河南信陽城陽城遺址戰國楚墓出土彩繪陶器的科學研究〉。《文物保護與考古科學》,2018(5),9-14。
  • 容波、周珺與劉成(2016)。〈考古發掘現場出土脆弱遺跡提取方法研究述評〉,《文物保護與考古科學》,2016(4),122-126。
  • 容波、韓向娜、黃曉與王春燕(2018)。〈薄荷醇提取發掘現場脆弱遺跡及其安全性研究〉,《江漢考古》,2016(1),84-94。
  • 容波、和玲、任萌與郝鋅穎(2019年1月4日)。〈蓋蒂保護研究所亞洲古漆器鑒定研討班見聞〉。《中國文物報》,7。
  • 韓向娜、容波、張秉堅與葛洪(2017)。〈薄荷醇提取秦俑坑出土彩繪遺跡的性能評估研究〉。《文物保護與考古科學》,2017(2),1-7。
  • 杜維莎、容波與張秉堅(2017)。〈秦俑彩繪回貼影響因素的探索性研究〉。《文物保護與考古科學》,2017(1)。
  • 容波、陳洪與武麗娜(2018年9月30日)。〈甘青地區出土早期彩陶科學研究述評〉。《秦始皇帝陵博物院院刊》。
  • 吳玥、容波與趙靜(2016)。〈古代漆膜的分析研究現狀及進展〉。《文物保護與考古科學》,2016(3)。
  • 和玲、容波、任萌與郝鋅穎(2020),〈蓋蒂保護研究所的亞洲漆快速識別方法〉。《文物保護與考古科學》,2020(3)。
  • 王春燕、容波、張芳、朱振宇與肖衛國(2020)。〈薄荷醇及其衍生物對漆皮遺跡表面的影響〉。《文博》,2020(1)。
  • 容波(2018年1月19日)。〈陶質彩繪文物保護:穩健駛入文物科技保護「新時代」〉。《中國文物報》。
  • 容波、羅宏傑與韓向娜(2020年3月13日)。〈考古發掘現場脆弱文物新型臨時固型保護技術及應用〉。《中國文物報》。
  • Rong, B. (2016). Xiangna Hana,Bo Rong, Xiao Huanga, Hongjie Luoa, Bridged siloxanes as novel potential hybrid consolidants for ancient Qin terracotta. Progress in Organic Coatings, 101, 416–422.
  • 容波、羅宏傑與韓向娜(2020年10月15日)。〈考古發掘現場脆弱文物臨時固型提取及其保護技術〉。《陝西科技》。
  • 蘭德省、容波與周鐵等(2016年5月17日)。〈彩繪回貼技術在秦代高級軍吏俑保護修復中的應用〉。《文物保護與考古科學》,2016(3),17。
  • 羅宏傑、容波與韓向娜(2018)。〈考古發掘現場脆弱文物安全提取與臨時固型技術研究〉。《科學出版社》,2018(12)。
  • 容波(2015年12月)。〈出土陶質彩繪文物保護關鍵技術研究〉。《科學出版社》。